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Utilization of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in health facilities of Cross River State, Nigeria

Authors Esu E, Effa E, Udoh E, Oduwole O, Odey F, Chibuzor M, Oyo-Ita A, Meremikwu M

Received 4 May 2013

Accepted for publication 11 July 2013

Published 20 September 2013 Volume 2013:4 Pages 29—35

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRTM.S47677

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Ekpereonne Esu,1,2 Emmanuel Effa,1,2 Ekong Udoh,1,2 Olabisi Oduwole,1,2 Friday Odey,1,2 Moriam Chibuzor,1 Angela Oyo-Ita,1,2 Martin Meremikwu1,2

1Calabar Institute of Tropical Diseases Research and Prevention, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria; 2College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Objective: This study assessed the utilization of intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy against the national treatment policy among women attending health care facilities in Cross River State, Nigeria.
Methods: A clinical audit was carried out between January 2012 and March 2012 using case records of pregnant women who received antenatal care in health facilities in the state. Facilities were selected by simple random sampling. Information on the frequency of antenatal clinic (ANC) visits by the women, as well as parity, age, and adherence to intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) doses was obtained using an audit checklist.
Results: A total of 322 pregnant women were assessed across 36 health care facilities. In addition, 246 (76%) of them attended the ANC in public health facilities. Age, parity, and gestational age at booking were recorded in more than 95% of the cases evaluated. The audit showed that 13.7% of the women did not utilize IPTp, 53.1% had one dose of IPTp (IPTp1), 24.2% had two doses of IPTp (IPTp2), while 3.1% had three doses of IPTp (IPTp3). The overall utilization of two doses or more of IPTp (IPTp2+) was 30.7%.
Conclusion: There was good documentation of the basic obstetric information of pregnant women in the health care facilities examined in this study, but the overall utilization of IPTp was very low. Efforts at ensuring early ANC booking and regular visits may be a potential means of increasing IPTp utilization in health care facilities in the state.

Keywords: intermittent preventive treatment, malaria, pregnancy, clinical audit, resource-limited setting

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