Unmet Need for Contraception Among Young Married Women in Eastern Ethiopia
Received 14 August 2019
Accepted for publication 25 November 2019
Published 17 December 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 89—101
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igal Wolman
Tariku Dingeta,1 Lemessa Oljira,1 Alemayehu Worku,2 Yemane Berhane3
1School of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia; 2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3Department of Epidemiology, Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Tariku Dingeta
School of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, PO Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia
Tel +251 91 100 5126
Fax +251 25 666 8081
Purpose: Addressing the contraceptive needs of young married women is critical to improve their health and well-being. In patriarchal societies, young married women are under intense pressure to demonstrate their fecundity. Therefore, research that specifically address the needs for contraception of young married women have been generally given less emphasis in Ethiopia. This study assessed the extent of unmet needs for contraception and its associated factors among young married women in Eastern Ethiopia.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among young married women (14–24 years of age) in Eastern Ethiopia. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The prevalence ratio (PR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated, and factors associated with unmet needs for contraception were identified using log-binomial regression statistical model.
Results: Among 2933 young women interviewed, the unmet need for contraception was 1014 (34.6%; 95% CI, 32.9%–36.4%). The prevalence of unmet needs for contraception decreased with increased young women’s household decision-making autonomy score (APR= 0. 76; CI=0.62–0.94). Exposure to family planning (FP) information during the last 12 months (APR= 1.24; CI=1.1–1.42), age 18 or more years (APR=1.25; CI=1.04–1.5), multiparty (APR= 1. 9; CI=1.7–2.1) and desire to have 5 children or lesser than 5 children (APR= 1. 2; CI=1.06–1.32) were associated with higher prevalence of unmet needs for contraception.
Conclusion: One-third of married young women had unmet needs for contraception. More efforts to empower women to make decisions that affect their own life and providing appropriate family planning information are necessary to reduce the burden of unmet needs among young married women in rural settings in Ethiopia.
Keywords: unmet need, contraception, married adolescent, decision-making autonomy, family planning information, Kersa HDSS
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