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Toxicity of colloidal silica nanoparticles administered orally for 90 days in rats

Authors Kim Y, Lee S, Lee EJ, Park SH, Seong N, Seo H, Shin S, Kim S, Meang E, Park M, Kim M, Kim C, Kim S, Son SW, Seo YR, Kang BH, Han BS, An SSA, Lee BJ, Kim M

Received 20 November 2013

Accepted for publication 31 March 2014

Published 15 December 2014 Volume 2014:9(Supplement 2) Pages 67—78

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S57925

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Yu-Ri Kim,1,* Seung-Young Lee,3,* Eun Jeong Lee,1 Sung Ha Park,4 Nak-won Seong,3 Heung-Sik Seo,3 Sung-Sup Shin,3 Seon-Ju Kim,3 Eun-Ho Meang,3 Myeong-Kyu Park,3 Min-Seok Kim,3 Cheol-Su Kim,5 Soo-Ki Kim,5 Sang Wook Son,2 Young Rok Seo,6 Boo Hyon Kang,7 Beom Seok Han,8 Seong Soo A An,9 Beom-Jun Lee,10 Meyoung-Kon Kim1

1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2Department of Dermatology, Korea University Medical School and College, 3General Toxicology Team, Korea Testing and Research Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath, UK; 5Department of Microbiology, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Gangwon, 6Department of Life Science, Institute of Environmental Medicine for Green Chemistry, Dongguk University, Seoul, 7Nonclinical Research Institute, Chemon Inc, Gyeonggi, 8Toxicological Research Center, Hoseo University, Chungnam, 9Department of Bionanotechnology, Gachon University, Gyeonggi, 10College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: This study was undertaken to investigate the potential toxicity and establish the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) and target organ(s) of negatively charged colloidal silica particles of different sizes, ie, SiO2EN,20(-) (20 nm) or SiO2EN,100(-) (100 nm), administered by gavage in Sprague-Dawley rats. After verification of the physicochemical properties of the SiO2 particles to be tested, a preliminary dose range-finding study and 90-day repeated dose study were conducted according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development test guideline. Based on the results of the 14-day dose range-finding study, a high dose was determined to be 2,000 mg/kg, and middle and low doses were set at 1,000 and 500 mg/kg, respectively. In the 90-day toxicity study, there were no animal deaths in relation to administration of SiO2 particles of either size. In addition, no treatment-related clinical changes or histopathological findings were observed in any of the experimental groups. Moreover, no difference in toxic effects from chronic exposure to SiO2EN,20(-) (20 nm) or SiO2EN,100(-) (100 nm) was observed. The results of this study indicate that the NOAEL for SiO2EN,20(-) and SiO2EN,100(-) would most likely be 2,000 mg/kg, and no target organ was identified in rats of either sex.

Keywords: silica nanoparticles, particle size, 90-day oral dose toxicity, no observed adverse effect level

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