Back to Journals » Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management » Volume 9

Tolerability of diclofenac sodium 1% gel with concomitant medications known to interact with diclofenac

Authors Peniston JH, Gold MS, Wieman MS, Alwine LK

Received 21 December 2012

Accepted for publication 26 February 2013

Published 16 April 2013 Volume 2013:9 Pages 153—159


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

John H Peniston,1 Morris S Gold,2 Matthew S Wieman,3 Lawrence K Alwine4

1Feasterville Family Health Care Center, Feasterville, PA, 2Novartis Consumer Health, Inc, Parsippany, NJ, 3Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc, Malvern, PA, 4Downingtown Family Medicine, Downingtown, PA, USA

Background: Topical diclofenac sodium 1% gel (DSG) has demonstrated efficacy and tolerability in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knees or hands, including elderly patients and those with an increased risk of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and renal adverse events (AEs). Medications known to interact with diclofenac were disallowed in a clinical trial of DSG for knee OA; however, patients were not to be discontinued for intake of disallowed treatment, unless there was a safety issue. This post hoc analysis examined the frequency and type of AEs in patients who received DSG concomitantly with drugs known to have potential interactions with diclofenac.
Materials and methods: This was a post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial of DSG for knee OA pain. Patients (n = 254) aged ≥ 35 years with OA in one or both knees, but with clinical OA symptoms in only one knee, administered DSG topically to the target knee four times daily (total dose, 16 g/d) for 12 weeks. Drugs with the potential for major or moderate drug–drug interactions (DDIs) were identified via AE rates were compared in patients with versus those without ≥1 potential DDI.
Results: At least one AE was experienced by 62.6% (107/171) of patients with ≥1 DDI and by 55.4% (46/83) of patients with no DDIs. Gastrointestinal AEs (upper and lower) were reported in 5.3% (9/171) and 7.2% (6/83), cardiovascular AEs in 4.7% (8/171) and 1.2% (1/83), renal AEs in 1.2% (2/171) and 0%, and hepatic AEs in 0% and 1.2% (1/83) of patients with ≥1 DDI compared with patients with no DDIs, respectively.
Conclusion: Concurrent use of DSG with medications that had potential for major to moderate DDIs had little impact on the frequency of AEs in this population. Further research is needed to consider how factors such as dose, duration, and timing of concomitant drug administration may affect the likelihood of clinically evident AEs resulting from a potential DDI.

Keywords: drug interactions, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, topical administration, knee osteoarthritis

A Letter to the Editor has been received and published for this article.

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Other article by this author:

Long-term tolerability of topical diclofenac sodium 1% gel for osteoarthritis in seniors and patients with comorbidities

Peniston JH, Gold MS, Wieman MS, Alwine LK

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2012, 7:517-523

Published Date: 20 November 2012

Readers of this article also read:

Emerging and future therapies for hemophilia

Carr ME, Tortella BJ

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:245-255

Published Date: 3 September 2015

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010