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The Patient-Reported Experience Measure for Improving qUality of care in Mental health (PREMIUM) project in France: study protocol for the development and implementation strategy

Authors Fernandes S, Fond G, Zendjidjian X, Michel P, Baumstarck K, Lancon C, Berna F, Schurhoff F, Aouizerate B, Henry C, Etain B, Samalin L, Leboyer M, Llorca PM, Coldefy M, Auquier P, Boyer L

Received 26 July 2018

Accepted for publication 27 November 2018

Published 21 January 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 165—177


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Sara Fernandes,1 Guillaume Fond,1 Xavier Zendjidjian,1 Pierre Michel,1 Karine Baumstarck,1 Christophe Lancon,1 Fabrice Berna,2 Franck Schurhoff,2 Bruno Aouizerate,2 Chantal Henry,2 Bruno Etain,2 Ludovic Samalin,2 Marion Leboyer,2 Pierre-Michel Llorca,2 Magali Coldefy,3 Pascal Auquier,1 Laurent Boyer1

On behalf of the French PREMIUM Group

1Aix-Marseille University, School of Medicine, CEReSS – Health Service Research and Quality of Life Center – EA 3279 Research Unit, Marseille, France; 2FondaMental Foundation, Créteil, France; 3Institute for Research and Information in Health Economics (IRDES), Paris, France

Background: Measuring the quality and performance of health care is a major challenge in improving the efficiency of a health system. Patient experience is one important measure of the quality of health care, and the use of patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) is recommended. The aims of this project are 1) to develop item banks of PREMs that assess the quality of health care for adult patients with psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression) and to validate computerized adaptive testing (CAT) to support the routine use of PREMs; and 2) to analyze the implementation and acceptability of the CAT among patients, professionals, and health authorities.
Methods: This multicenter and cross-sectional study is based on a mixed method approach, integrating qualitative and quantitative methodologies in two main phases: 1) item bank and CAT development based on a standardized procedure, including conceptual work and definition of the domain mapping, item selection, calibration of the item bank and CAT simulations to elaborate the administration algorithm, and CAT validation; and 2) a qualitative study exploring the implementation and acceptability of the CAT among patients, professionals, and health authorities.
Discussion: The development of a set of PREMs on quality of care in mental health that overcomes the limitations of previous works (ie, allowing national comparisons regardless of the characteristics of patients and care and based on modern testing using item banks and CAT) could help health care professionals and health system policymakers to identify strategies to improve the quality and efficiency of mental health care.
Trial registration: NCT02491866.

Keywords: patient-reported experience measures, quality of care, item bank, computerized adaptive testing, psychiatry

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