Back to Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 2 » Issue 1

The challenge of dry eye diagnosis

Authors Savini G, Prabhawasat P, Kojima T, Grueterich M, Espana E, Goto E

Published 7 March 2008 Volume 2008:2(1) Pages 31—55


Giacomo Savini1, Pinita Prabhawasat2, Takashi Kojima3, Martin Grueterich4, Edgar Espana5, Eiki Goto6

1Centro Salus, Bologna, Italy; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand; 3Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig–Maximilians University, Munich, Germany; 5Department of Ophthalmology, University of Mississippi, Jackson, MS, USA; 6Department of Ophthalmology, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, Yokohama City, Kanagawa, Japan

Abstract: The currently available methods for the diagnosis of dry eye are still far from being perfect for a variety of reasons. This review attempts to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of both traditional tests (such as Schirmer’s test, break-up time and ocular surface staining) and innovative noninvasive procedures, including tear meniscus height measurement, corneal topography, functional visual acuity, tear interferometry, tear evaporimetry and tear osmolarity assessment.

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]