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Teachers’ work ability: a study of relationships between collective efficacy and self-efficacy beliefs

Authors Guidetti G, Viotti S, Bruno A, Converso D

Received 22 November 2017

Accepted for publication 19 February 2018

Published 22 May 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 197—206

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S157850

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman

Gloria Guidetti,1 Sara Viotti,1 Andreina Bruno,2 Daniela Converso1

1Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy; 2Department of Education Science, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Introduction: Work ability constitutes one of the most studied well-being indicators related to work. Past research highlighted the relationship with work-related resources and demands, and personal resources. However, no studies highlight the role of collective and self-efficacy beliefs in sustaining work ability.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether and by which mechanism work ability is linked with individual and collective efficacies in a sample of primary and middle school teachers.
Materials and methods: Using a dataset consisting of 415 primary and middle school Italian teachers, the analysis tested for the mediating role of self-efficacy between collective efficacy and work ability.
Results: Mediational analysis highlights that teachers’ self-efficacy totally mediates the relationship between collective efficacy and perceived work ability.
Conclusion:
Results of this study enhance the theoretical knowledge and empirical evidence regarding the link between teachers’ collective efficacy and self-efficacy, giving further emphasis to the concept of collective efficacy in school contexts. Moreover, the results contribute to the study of well-being in the teaching profession, highlighting a process that sustains and promotes levels of work ability through both collective and personal resources.

Keywords: collective efficacy, mediation, self-efficacy, teachers, work ability

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