Stigma toward people with mental health problems in Indonesia
Received 24 May 2018
Accepted for publication 24 September 2018
Published 31 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 535—541
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman
Nurul Hartini, Nur Ainy Fardana, Atika Dian Ariana, Nido Dipo Wardana
Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Introduction: Mental health problems are serious issues in Indonesia. The prevalence of severe mental disorder in Indonesian population is 1.7‰. In community, people with mental disorder are often stigmatized, while in fact this stigmatization could negatively impact them. One of the most common form of discrimination toward people with mental disorder is the practice of pasung.
Method: This research conducted a survey study on 1,269 respondents in East Java (in which the prevalence of severe mental disorder is 2.2‰). The instruments used were Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness (CAMI), Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS), and a sociodemographic questionnaire.
Result: The result shows that better knowledge about mental health was associated with lower public stigma toward people with mental disorder. Significance differences in stigma toward people with mental illness were also found across groups of age, sex, experience of contact, history of mental disorder, attitude toward pasung, marital status, and income level.
Conclusion: The finding implies that anti-stigma interventions in Indonesia should consider associated sociodemographic factors and use psychosocial approach to improve literacy and contact with mental health patients.
Keywords: public stigma, people with mental health problem, knowledge, contact, demographic factor, pasung
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