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Soil-Transmitted Helminths And Other Intestinal Parasites Among Schoolchildren In Southern Ethiopia

Authors Eyamo T, Girma M, Alemayehu T, Bedewi Z

Received 29 March 2019

Accepted for publication 10 October 2019

Published 24 October 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 137—143

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRTM.S210200

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mario Rodriguez-Perez


Tilahun Eyamo,1 Mekonnen Girma,2 Tsegaye Alemayehu,2 Zufan Bedewi1

1Department of Biology, Hawassa University College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 2School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Tsegaye Alemayehu
School of Laboratory Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa 1560, Ethiopia
Tel +2519-13-872-24-12
Email alemayehutsegaye@ymail.com

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections are the neglected tropical diseases that have a devastating effect and leads to malnutrition, morbidity and mortality in schoolchildren. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of soil-transmitted and other intestinal parasites among schoolchildren in southern Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gara Riketa primary school children at Hawassa Tula Sub-City, Southern Ethiopia from March 1 to April 20, 2017. The parent of participating children was interviewed with a structured questionnaire to collect the sociodemographic and risk factors data. Well-trained laboratory technicians were involved in the stool examination through direct and concentration methods. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. ORs at 95% CI were considered as a statistically significant association with a p-value < 0.05.
Results: Out of 384 schoolchildren enrolled for the study, 260 (67.7%) were infected with one or more intestinal parasites. The predominantly identified parasite was Ascaris lumbricoides 146 (38.0%) followed by hookworms 12 (3.1%). The study showed that intestinal parasitic infections have a statistically significant association with being in 4th grade, the mother´s educational status (grade 9–12), having cut nails and washing hands before eating.
Conclusion: The rates of soil-transmitted helminths and other intestinal parasitic infections were very high in Gara Riketa primary school children. Based on the statistical analysis, hygiene and nail clipping are important habits to prevent infection with intestinal parasites.

Keywords: Hawassa, intestinal parasites, prevalence, risk factors, schoolchildren

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