Short-Term Non-Infectious Outcomes After a Pars Plana Intravitreal Antibiotic-Steroid Injection of Triamcinolone, Moxifloxacin, and Vancomycin During Cataract Surgery versus a Standard Postoperative Topical Regimen
Received 31 January 2020
Accepted for publication 7 April 2020
Published 23 April 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1117—1125
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Zeeshan Haq,1 Michael H Zhang,1 Mark J Benjamin,2 Kamran M Riaz1
1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; 2Benjamin Eye Care Center, La Grange, IL, USA
Correspondence: Kamran M Riaz
Dean McGee Eye Institute, University of Oklahoma, 608 Stanton L. Young Blvd, Suite 313, OK 73104, Oklahoma City Tel +1 405 271-1095
Fax +1 405 271-3680
Purpose: To compare short-term non-infectious clinical outcomes after cataract surgery with an intraoperative pars plana intravitreal antibiotic-steroid (IVAS) injection of triamcinolone, moxifloxacin, and vancomycin (TMV) versus a standard postoperative topical regimen.
Patients and Methods: A retrospective comparative case series of 1058 eyes (control = 487, treatment = 571) undergoing cataract surgery were included. Endpoints included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), and the unplanned use of anti-inflammatory topical medication in the postoperative period. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 6 months.
Results: A final monocular BCVA of 20/25 or better was achieved in 78.8% and 87.4% of eyes in the control and treatment groups, respectively (p = 0.001). The overall incidence of an IOP spike (Δ ≥ 10 mm Hg) was not significantly different between the two groups (0.4% versus 1.9%, p = 0.027). The rates of persistent anterior chamber inflammation (PACI), rebound anterior chamber inflammation (RACI), and cystoid macular edema (CME) in the control and treatment groups were 8.0% vs 2.6% (p < 0.001), 6.4% vs 2.6% (p = 0.003), and 3.9% vs 4.7% (p = 0.511), respectively. The use of an IVAS injection of TMV conferred an increased risk of CME (odds ratio [OR] = 3.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.42 to 7.23) but no significant effect on the risk of PACI (OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.10 to 1.14) or RACI (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.18 to 1.54) when compared to a topical regimen.
Conclusion: An intraoperative IVAS injection after uncomplicated cataract surgery may be as safe and effective as a standard topical regimen in terms of postoperative IOP and anterior chamber inflammatory events, respectively. However, the efficacy of a TMV formulation for CME prophylaxis appears to be unsatisfactory. Future studies with prospective and randomized designs are needed to further evaluate this technique.
Keywords: dropless cataract surgery, inflammation prophylaxis, intraocular pressure spike, cystoid macular edema
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