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Sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players

Authors Ito E, Iwamoto J, Azuma K, Matsumoto H

Received 2 September 2014

Accepted for publication 13 November 2014

Published 29 December 2014 Volume 2015:6 Pages 1—6

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S73625

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Fu


Eri Ito, Jun Iwamoto, Koichiro Azuma, Hideo Matsumoto

Institute for Integrated Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players. According to our database, during the 20-year period between October 1991 and June 2011, 1,219 basketball players (640 males and 579 females) consulted our sports medicine clinic; in total, 1,414 injuries in basketball players (729 injuries in males and 685 injuries in females) were recorded. The mean age of patients was 19.6 years. The most common injury site was the knee, followed by the foot and ankle, lower back, and upper extremities. There was a higher proportion of female players presenting with a knee injury, compared with male players (50.4% vs 41.7%), and a lower proportion of female players presenting with an upper extremity injury (5.1% vs 9.7%). The proportion of anterior cruciate ligament injury in the 10–19-year-old age group was higher among female players than among male players (45.9% vs 22.1%), while the proportions of Osgood–Schlatter disease in the 10–19-year-old age group and jumper's knee (patellar and femoral tendinopathy) in the 20–29-year-old age group were higher among male players than among female players (12.5% vs 1.8% and 14.6% vs 3.7%, respectively). However, the proportions of other injuries did not differ significantly between male and female players. The present observational study, which was performed using a retrospective case-series design, showed the existence of sex-specific differences in knee injuries sustained while participating in basketball.

Keywords: sports injury, sex, anterior cruciate ligament injury, Osgood–Schlatter disease, basketball

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