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Sensory and memory stimulation as a means to care for individuals with dementia in long-term care facilities

Authors Mileski M, Baar Topinka J, Brooks M, Lonidier C, Linker K, Vander Veen K

Received 3 October 2017

Accepted for publication 18 January 2018

Published 17 May 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 967—974

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S153113

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Michael Mileski, Joseph Baar Topinka, Matthew Brooks, Corie Lonidier, Kelly Linker, Kelsey Vander Veen

School of Health Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to identify and further examine the facilitators and barriers of utilizing sensory and memory stimulation as a means to care for individuals with dementia who live in long-term care settings.
Materials and methods: The authors conducted a literature review of 30 academic articles found using the databases such as CINAHL, PubMed, and Academic Search Ultimate from the past 15 years. Facilitator and barrier themes were found within each article and analyzed for their relevance to sensory and memory stimulation therapies and their effects on individuals with dementia.
Results: The most common facilitator was improved communication. The top three barriers were access, staff training, and mixed results.
Discussion: Reminiscence therapy appears to provide a person-centered method of care for those who otherwise have problems communicating. These implementations will be more effective if they have the support of staff and management.
Conclusion: The authors conclude that sensory and memory stimulation therapies have the potential to help improve many dementia-specific issues for individuals living in long-term care settings.

Keywords: long-term care, behavior, management, sensory stimulation, memory stimulation, dementia

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