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School motivation, goal orientation and academic performance in secondary education students

Authors Usán P, Salavera C, Teruel P

Received 14 May 2019

Accepted for publication 25 July 2019

Published 18 September 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 877—887

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S215641

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Pablo Usán, Carlos Salavera, Pilar Teruel

Deparment of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Correspondence: Pablo Usán
Dpto. Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza, C/Pedro Cerbuna nº12. 50009 (Zaragoza), Zaragoza, Spain
Email pusan@unizar.es

Background: In the students’ school stage can appear many psychological variables that can positively or negatively affect the academic life of the students as well as their learning process. Therefore, the present study aims to explore the relation between school motivation, goal orientation and academic performance in adolescent students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on adolescent students (N=3512) from 18 public Secondary Education (ESO) centers. The Scale of School Motivation (EME-S), the Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ) and academic performance, quantified by each student’s mean mark, were instruments used.
Results: The results revealed significant relations among, on the one hand, intrinsic school motivations, task-oriented goal orientations and academic performance in a more adaptive pattern behavior and, on the other hand, relations between extrinsic motivations and ego-oriented goal orientations. The influence of intrinsic motivations, task-oriented goal orientations and low amotivation indices on predicting academic performance was deduced.
Conclusion: The importance of promoting adaptive behaviors that improve adolescent students’ academic lives focus on adequate levels of school motivation and task-oriented goal orientations at their education centers was revealed.

Keywords: school motivation, goal orientations, academic performance, students, adolescents


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