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Recent Progress and Future Directions: The Nano-Drug Delivery System for the Treatment of Vitiligo

Authors Sun MC, Xu XL, Lou XF, Du YZ

Received 13 January 2020

Accepted for publication 8 April 2020

Published 8 May 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 3267—3279

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S245326

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Ming-Chen Sun,1,* Xiao-Ling Xu,1,* Xue-Fang Lou,2 Yong-Zhong Du1

1Institute of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Medicine, Zhejiang University City College, Hangzhou 310015, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Yong-Zhong Du
Institute of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, 866 Yu-Hang-Tang Road, Hangzhou 310058, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-571-88208435
Fax +86-571-88208439
Email duyongzhong@zju.edu.cn
Xue-Fang Lou
School of Medicine, Zhejiang University City College, 51 Hu-Zhou Street, Hangzhou 310015, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-571-88013011
Fax +86-571-88018442
Email louxf@zucc.edu.cn

Abstract: Vitiligo is a depigmentation disease that seriously affects the physical health, mental health and quality of life of a patient. Therapeutic aim at control immunoreaction by relieving oxidative stress. Unfortunately, the cuticle barrier function and lack of specific accumulation lead to unsatisfactory therapeutic outcomes and side effects. The introduction and innovation of nanotechnology offers inspiration and clues for the development of new strategies to treat vitiligo. However, not many studies have been done to interrogate how nanotechnology can be used for vitiligo treatment. In this review, we summarize and analyze recent studies involving nano-drug delivery systems for the treatment of vitiligo, with a special emphasis on liposomes, niosomes, nanohydrogel and nanoparticles. These studies made significant progress by either increasing drug loading efficiency or enhancing penetration. Based on these studies, there are three proposed principles for topical nano-drug delivery systems treatment of vitiligo including the promotion of transdermal penetration, enhancement of drug retention and facilitation of melanin regeneration. The presentation of these ideas may provide inspirations for the future development of topical drug delivery systems that will conquer vitiligo.

Keywords: vitiligo, nano-drug delivery system, transdermal penetration, liposomes, skin

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