Proliferative Anterior Optic Membranes in Hydrophobic Acrylic Intraocular Lenses
Received 26 August 2020
Accepted for publication 29 September 2020
Published 22 October 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 3451—3455
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Kamran M Riaz,1 Blake L Williams,2 Steven G Safran,3 Mark J Gallardo4
1Department of Ophthalmology, Dean McGee Eye Institute/University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK, USA; 2Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA; 3Private Practice, Lawrenceville, NJ, USA; 4Private Practice, El Paso, TX, USA
Correspondence: Kamran M Riaz
Dean McGee Eye Institute/University of Oklahoma, 608 Stanton L Young Boulevard, Suite 313, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
Tel +1 4052711095
Fax +1 4052713680
Purpose: To describe the observed stages of development and management of proliferative anterior optic membranes (AOM) seen on a popularly implanted single-piece hydrophobic intraocular lens (IOL).
Methods: This is an observational series of patients with AOMs managed by three surgeons in different geographical areas in the USA.
Results: AOMs may clinically present in one of the four distinct stages. Most patients were visually asymptomatic, but those with decreased visual acuity (Stage 4) required Nd:YAG laser treatment to remove the AOM. These patients had improved visual acuity without recurrence of the AOM during the one-year follow-up period.
Conclusion: AOMs can present and progress in four distinct stages with variable visual significance. AOMs may be safely and effectively treated with Nd:Yag laser. Occurrence of the membrane may be related to many factors, including high fibronectin content of this IOL. Additional studies are needed to identify incidence, etiology, and best management strategies.
Keywords: anterior optic membrane, hydrophobic intraocular lens, fibronectin, YAG laser