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Prevalence of vitreomacular adhesion: an optical coherence tomography analysis in the retina clinic setting

Authors Reichel E, Jaffe G, Sadda S, Schuman S, Hariri A, Skidmore K, Duker J, Markus C

Received 1 September 2015

Accepted for publication 14 January 2016

Published 6 April 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 627—633


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Elias Reichel,1 Glenn J Jaffe,2 Srinivas R Sadda,3 Stefanie Schuman,2 Amir H Hariri,3 Keegan Skidmore,1 Jake Duker1

1Department of Ophthalmology, New England Eye Center, Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 2Duke Eye Center, Duke Reading Center, Durham, NC, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Doheny Eye Centers, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) in a random sample of clinical patients at three US retina clinics and to assess comorbid retinal conditions, ocular diseases, prior treatment history, and other medical histories.
Patients and methods: This observational, retrospective cohort study was based on patients from the Doheny Eye Centers, Duke Eye Center, and Tufts Medical Center who received a bilateral spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scan (one scan/eye) for clinical evaluation with available medical records. The study had three phases: 1) collection of retrospective patient data; 2) review of OCT scans at a reading center to assess VMA and associated conditions; and 3) analyses and reporting of data on the prevalence of VMA, patient demographics, and comorbid conditions. Data were obtained from electronic health records and OCT grading forms. Outcome measures from bilateral SD-OCT scans and medical records included OCT evaluation of VMA and retinal comorbid conditions.
Results: In 719 patients with 1,483 reviewable OCT scans, the prevalence of VMA was estimated at 14.74% (90% CI, 12.58%–16.92%). The prevalence of unilateral VMA was estimated at 12.39%, while bilateral VMA was 2.36%. In patients with VMA, 34 out of 123 eyes with VMA (27.64%) also had fovea deformed by vitreomacular traction. Macular hole (MH) was significantly more prevalent in VMA-diagnosed eyes versus non-VMA-diagnosed eyes (6.5% versus 1.9%; P=0.02). There was a significantly higher incidence of full-thickness MH (P=0.008), operculum/flaps (P<0.0001), and lamellar or pseudo-holes (P=0.048) in VMA-diagnosed versus non-VMA-diagnosed eyes. Age, MH as a comorbid condition, full-thickness MH, lamellar or pseudo-holes, and operculum were predictive of a VMA diagnosis.
Conclusion: The prevalence of VMA was estimated at 14.74% in a random sample of patients from three retina clinics. VMA diagnosis can be predicted by factors, including age, MH as a comorbid condition, and lamellar or pseudo-holes.

Keywords: VMA, OCT, macular hole, vitreomacular traction, comorbid conditions, operculum/flaps, lamellar or pseudo-holes

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