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Polymeric mixed micelles loaded mitoxantrone for overcoming multidrug resistance in breast cancer via photodynamic therapy

Authors Li ZY, Cai Y, Zhao YQ, Yu H, Zhou HY, Chen MW

Received 29 March 2017

Accepted for publication 21 May 2017

Published 6 September 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 6595—6604


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Zeyong Li,1,* Yuee Cai,2,* Yiqiao Zhao,1 Hua Yu,2 Haiyu Zhou,3 Meiwan Chen2

1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Guangdong No 2 Provincial People’s Hospital, Guangzhou, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China; 3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Mitoxantrone (MIT) is an anticancer agent with photosensitive properties that is commonly used in various cancers. Multidrug resistance (MDR) effect has been an obstacle to using MIT for cancer therapy. Photochemical internalization, on account of photodynamic therapy, has been applied to improve the therapeutic effect of cancers with MDR effect. In this study, an MIT-poly(ε-caprolactone)-pluronic F68-poly(ε-caprolactone)/poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)–poly(ethylene glycol)–poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (MIT-PFP/PPP) mixed micelles system was applied to reverse the effect of MDR in MCF-7/ADR cells via photochemical reaction when exposed to near-infrared light. MIT-PFP/PPP mixed micelles showed effective interaction with near-infrared light at the wavelength of 660 nm and exerted great cytotoxicity in MCF-7/ADR cells with irradiation. Furthermore, MIT-PFP/PPP mixed micelles could improve reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, decrease P-glycoprotein activity, and increase the cellular uptake of drugs with improved intracellular drug concentrations, which induced cell apoptosis in MCF-7/ADR cells under irradiation, despite MDR effect, as indicated by the increased level of cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase. These findings suggested that MIT-PFP/PPP mixed micelles may become a promising strategy to effectively reverse the MDR effect via photodynamic therapy in breast cancer.

Keywords: mitoxantrone, polymeric mixed micelles, multidrug resistance, photodynamic therapy, breast cancer

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