Phacoemulsification: an alternative for prophylaxis of a glaucomatous crisis
Received 17 July 2019
Accepted for publication 21 August 2019
Published 5 September 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1721—1726
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Nicola Ludin
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Mariéli Wobeto Röhrig, Camila Duranti Mezzomo, Elcio Luiz Bonamigo
Medical School of the University of the West of Santa Catarina (Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina – UNOESC), Joaçaba, SC, Brazil
Correspondence: Ricardo Alexandre Stock
Medical School, Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina, Belotto Stock Centro Oftalmológico, Rua Rio Branco, 589, Centro, CEP: 89.600-000, Joaçaba, SC, Brazil
Tel +55 493 522 0788
Fax +55 493 522 5059
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of phacoemulsification for the prophylaxis of a glaucomatous crisis in the affected and contralateral eyes; to investigate the evolution of intraocular pressure levels after iridotomy and phacoemulsification; to assess the need for antiglaucoma medication after the proposed treatments; and to identify potential complications associated with phacoemulsification.
Patients and methods: This retrospective observational study evaluated 22 eyes of 12 patients between September 2006 and September 2018, with a minimum follow-up period of 9 months.
Results: After iridotomy, a persistent increase in intraocular pressure was observed in 42.85% of the cases, 100% of the patients required antiglaucoma medications, and recurrence of angle closure was observed in 28.57% of the cases. In contrast, during follow-up of phacoemulsification, the intraocular pressure levels in all eyes evaluated remained normal, without the need for medication, and no recurrence of the glaucomatous crisis or other complications was observed.
Conclusion: Phacoemulsification maybe consequently more effective than laser iridotomy for the resolution of angle-closure glaucoma and particularly for preventing its relapses.
Keywords: intraocular pressure, glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, phacoemulsification
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