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pH and redox dual-responsive copolymer micelles with surface charge reversal for co-delivery of all-trans-retinoic acid and paclitaxel for cancer combination chemotherapy

Authors Zhang Y, Peng L, Chu J, Zhang M, Sun L, Zhong B, Wu Q

Received 3 July 2018

Accepted for publication 8 August 2018

Published 16 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 6499—6515


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Yanqiu Zhang,1,2,* Lianjun Peng,3,* Jiahui Chu,4 Ming Zhang,5 Lizhu Sun,1,2 Bin Zhong,5 Qiyong Wu5

1Department of Oncology and Hematology, Shuyang Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University, Suqian 223600, China; 2Department of Oncology and Hematology, Shuyang People’s Hospital, Suqian 223600, China; 3Department of Respiratory, Central Hospital of Kaiping City, Kaiping 529300, China; 4Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Fuzong Clinical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou General Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian 350000, China; 5Department of Thoracic and Cardiac Surgery, The Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou 213003, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Co-delivery all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and paclitaxel (PTX) is an effective strategy for cancer therapy. However, in many previous reported ATRA conjugated co-delivery systems, the ATRA was released slower than PTX, and the total drug release of ATRA far lower than that of PTX.
Purpose: We designed and prepared a pH and redox dual responsive drug delivery system (DA-ss-NPs) co-delivery ATRA and PTX for cancer therapy. The surface charge of DA-ss-NPs could change from negative to positive under tumor slightly acidic microenvironment, and both drugs could be quickly released from DA-ss-NPs under intracellular high concentration of glutathione (GSH).
Methods: The DA-ss-NPs were constructed by encapsulating PTX into the hydrophobic core of the polymer micelles, in which the polymer was synthesized by conjugating ATRA and 2,3-Dimethylmalefic anhydride (DMA) on side chains of Cystamine dihydrochloride (Cys) modified PEG-b-PAsp (named DA-ss-NPs). The surface charge of DA-ss-NPs under different pH conditions were detected. And the drug release was also measured under different concentration of GSH. The therapeutic effect of DA-ss-NPs were investigated in Human lung cancer A549 cells and A549 tumor-bearing mice.
Results: The zeta potential of DA-ss-NPs was -16.3 mV at pH 7.4, and which changed to 16 mV at pH 6.5. Cell uptake experiment showed that more DA-ss-NPs were internalized by A549 cells at pH 6.5 than that at pH 7.4. In addition, in presence of 10 mM GSH at pH 7.4, about 75%-85% ATRA was released from DA-ss-NPs within 48 h; but less than 20% ATRA was released without GSH. In vivo antitumor efficiency showed that the DA-ss-NPs could affectively inhibite the tumor in compared with control groups.
Conclusion: The charge-reversal and GSH-responsive DA-ss-NPs provide an excellent platform for potential tumor therapy.

Keywords: all-trans-retionic acid, dual-responsive, charge reversal, PAsp, PEG-b-PLGA

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