Outcomes of undercorrection in surgical management and binocular vision gained of adult intermittent exotropia
Received 19 May 2018
Accepted for publication 23 July 2018
Published 11 September 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1763—1767
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Apatsa Lekskul, Tatha Supakitvilekarn, Tanyatuth Padungkiatsagul
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Purpose: To study the surgical outcomes of intended undercorrection on adult intermittent exotropia (X(T)) performed to avoid postopertively overcorrected diplopia.
Patients and methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for adult patients (age ≥18 years) with X(T) ≥15 prism diopter (PD) who underwent strabismus surgery by a single surgeon. Inclusion criteria were 1) corrected VA ≥20/40 in either eye; 2) monocular occlusion at least 30 minutes before deviation measurement; 3) difference of ≤10 PD between near and distance deviation; 4) absence of significant A or V pattern or vertical deviation; 5) lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection procedure were performed unilaterally; and 6) intended surgical number for deviation correction was aimed at 5 PD undercorrection.
Results: Of 234 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 122 were women (52.14%). Average age at the time of surgery was 27.56 years (range, 18–42 years). A total number of 197 patients (84.19%) had postoperative exodeviation under 10 PD. Twenty five (10.68%) and 12 patients (5.13%) had postoperative exodeviation within 10–15 PD and >15 PD, respectively. All patients who had postoperative exodeviation >15 PD exhibited initial deviation of ≥40 PD and had undergone re-operation. In 74 patients (46.25%) out of 160 who had no binocular vision in orthoptic examination before surgery, fusion or stereopsis was gained after good alignment. No postoperative diplopia was found in this study.
Conclusion: Intended undercorrection in surgical management of adult X(T) showed good functional and cosmetic outcomes. No procedure resulted in consecutive esodeviation or persistent diplopia. Fusion or stereopsis could be gained after successful surgical alignment. Our recommendations are as follows: 5 PD undercorrection if deviation is <40 PD and regular correction if deviation is ≥40 PD.
Keywords: diplopia, intermittent exotropia, stereopsis, fusion, recession, resection
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