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Outcomes of Adding Induction Chemotherapy to Concurrent Chemotherapy for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients with Moderate-Risk in the Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Era

Authors Su Z, Zou G, Tang J, Li XY, Xie FY

Received 5 December 2019

Accepted for publication 14 February 2020

Published 26 March 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 201—211

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S241216

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang


Zhen Su,1,* Guo-rong Zou,1,* Jie Tang,1 Xiu Yue Li,1 Fang-Yun Xie2

1Panyu Central Hospital, Cancer Institute of Panyu, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Fang-Yun Xie
Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 20 87343484
Email xiefy0758@sina.com

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of induction chemotherapy (IC) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with moderate-risk treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).
Methods: We retrospectively assessed 506 patients with T1-2N1M0 or T3-4N0-1M0 NPC (according to the 2010 UICC/AJCC staging system) who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with or without IC at a single center in China between 2005 and 2010. Survival outcomes were compared between the IC + CCRT and CCRT groups using the Kaplan–Meier method, Log-rank test and a Cox regression model.
Results: Among the 506 patients, CCRT alone resulted in equivalent overall survival (86.8% vs 88.5%, p=0.661), progression-free survival (79.6% vs 79.6%, p=0.756), locoregional relapse-free survival (90.2% vs 87.0%, p=0.364) and distant metastasis-free survival (88.0% vs 89.8%, p= 0.407) to IC plus CCRT. In multivariate analysis, IC did not lower the risk of death (HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.46– 1.25, p= 0.278), progression (HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.51– 1.19, p= 0.244), locoregional relapse (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.81– 1.42, p= 0.651) or distant metastasis (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.38– 1.15, p= 0.140) in the entire cohort; similar results were obtained in stratified analysis based on N category (N0 vs N1) and EBV DNA (< vs ≥ 4000 copies/mL).
Conclusion: Addition of IC to CCRT does not improve survival outcomes in moderate-risk NPC; the use of IC should be carefully considered in these patients, though additional prospective trials are warranted to confirm the conclusions of this study.

Keywords: nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induction chemotherapy, prognosis, survival

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