Optimizing management of treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced HIV+ patients: the role of maraviroc
Eva Poveda, Vincent Soriano
Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Abstract: Maraviroc is the first CCR5 antagonist approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. It specifically inhibits the replication of R5 viruses by blocking viral entry. HIV-1 tropism can be estimated accurately and predict viral response to maraviroc. Genotypic tools are increasingly replacing phenotypic assays in most places. The favorable pharmacokinetic properties and the good safety profile of maraviroc may support an earlier use of the drug in HIV-1 infection, as well as favor its consideration as part of switch strategies in patients under suppressive antiretroviral regimens containing less-well-tolerated drugs. Moreover, a particular immune benefit of maraviroc might encourage its use as part of intensification strategies in HIV-infected patients with impaired CD4 gains despite prolonged suppression of HIV replication with antiretroviral therapy. However, the long-term consequences of using maraviroc must be carefully checked, given its particular mechanism of action, blocking a physiologic cell receptor.
Keywords: maraviroc, tropism, HIV, antiretroviral therapy, treatment strategies
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF]