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Medication Reconciliation Associated with Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment in Older Patients with Cancer: ChimioAge Study

Authors Couderc AL, Boisseranc C, Rey D, Nouguerede E, Greillier L, Barlesi F, Duffaud F, Deville L, Honoré S, Villani P, Correard F

Received 14 May 2020

Accepted for publication 30 July 2020

Published 8 September 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 1587—1598

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S262209

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Anne-Laure Couderc,1,2 Celia Boisseranc,3 Dominique Rey,1 Emilie Nouguerede,1 Laurent Greillier,4,5 Fabrice Barlesi,4,5 Florence Duffaud,4,6 Jean-Laurent Deville,6 Stéphane Honoré,3,4 Patrick Villani,1,2 Florian Correard3,4

1Internal Medicine, Geriatry and Therapeutic Unit, AP-HM, Marseille, France;Coordination Unit for Geriatric Oncology (UCOG), PACA West, Marseille, France; 2Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, EFS, ADES, Marseille, France; 3Pharmacology Department, AP-HM, Marseille, France; 4Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France; 5Multidisciplinary Oncology and Therapeutic Innovations Unit, AP-HM, Marseille, France; 6Oncology Unit, AP-HM, Marseille, France

Correspondence: Anne-Laure Couderc
Coordination Unit for Geriatric Oncology (UCOG), PACA West, University Hospital of Marseille (AP-HM), 270 Boulevard De Sainte Marguerite, Marseille 13009, France
Tel +33 491744530
Fax +33 491744833
Email anne-laure.couderc@ap-hm.fr

Background: Polymorbidity induces polypharmacy in older patients may lead to potential drug–drug interactions (DDI) which can modify the tolerance and safety of oncological treatments and alter the intended therapeutic effect. The objective of our study was to describe the decision-making process for oncological treatment and related outcomes, in a population of older adults undergoing a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) associated to a comprehensive medication reconciliation (CMR) prior to initiating oncological treatment.
Methods: ChimioAge is a prospective observational study conducted between 01/2017 and 07/2018 at Marseille University Hospital and approved by the French National Ethics Committee. It comprised all consecutive patients aged 70 years and over who were referred for a CGA as part of CMR, before initiating systemic treatment.
Results: One hundred and seventy-one cancer patients were included. Mean age was 79.2 years, over half had metastatic cancers, 75% had an ECOG performance status zero or one, and two-thirds were independent in daily activities. Two-thirds of the patients had polypharmacy and the CMR identified potential DDI with systemic treatment in 43.3% of patients. Following the CGA, the CMR and the hospital oncologists decision, 30% of the patients received adapted systemic treatment with reduced doses at initiation. They presented fewer toxicities – irrespective of grade and type – than patients who received standard treatment (p< 0.001) and had comparable overall survival (Log rank p=0.21).
Conclusion: This is one of the first studies to highlight the value in conducting CMR and a CGA simultaneously before initiating systemic treatment in older patients with cancer. These two evaluations could give oncologists decisive information to personalize cancer treatment of older patients and optimize treatment dose to offer the best efficacy and minimize toxicity.

Keywords: aged, antineoplastic protocols, geriatric assessment, medication reconciliation, treatment failure

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