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Is body image associated with perseverance? A study among people with normal and increased body weight

Authors Styk W, Zmorzyński S, Klinkosz W

Received 14 May 2019

Accepted for publication 11 July 2019

Published 11 September 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 851—860

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S215440

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Melinda Thomas

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Wojciech Styk,1 Szymon Zmorzyński,2 Waldemar Klinkosz3

1Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; 2Department of Cancer Genetics with Cytogenetic Laboratory, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; 3Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Christian Philosophy, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

Correspondence: Wojciech Styk
Institute of Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, Lublin 20-950, Poland
Tel +48 78 122 2630
Email wojciech.styk@gmail.com

Background: The extreme lack of perseverance in obese and overweight people is mainly associated with difficulties in holding back irrelevant thoughts or memories. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between body image and perseverance.
Methods: The research was carried out amongst a cohort of 135 people with normal and overweight/obese body weight. The criterion determining body image in the study participants was an index in the form of a subjective assessment of body weight (too low/correct/too high). Perseverance was determined using a website with simple maze tasks. For the assessment of one’s nutritional status, the applied body mass index (BMI) was utilized. For the statistical analysis, the Student’s t-test and the r-Pearson correlation were used.
Results: Respondents with a normal BMI were more persistent in performing the tasks, in comparison with those who possessed a BMI above the normal range. There was a positive correlation between the average time spent on one task and the BMI. People in either group of normal BMI or with an overweight BMI, who assessed their body weight as too high, had lower results of analyzed perseverance indicators than those who assessed their body weight as normal.
Conclusion: This is the first study analyzing the relationship between body image with perseverance. Our results showed that perseverance is associated with body image. There was a correlation between the distractor resistance index and BMI. Lower results of analyzed perseverance indexes were observed in people perceiving their body weight as too high and not necessarily overweight.

Keywords: body image, perseverance, overweight, obesity, BMI, stereotypes

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