Inflammatory bowel disease patients prioritize mucosal healing, symptom control, and pain when choosing therapies: results of a prospective cross-sectional willingness-to-pay study
Authors Gregor JC, Williamson M, Dajnowiec D, Sattin B, Sabot E, Salh B
Received 29 September 2017
Accepted for publication 6 February 2018
Published 10 April 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 505—513
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
James C Gregor,1 Martin Williamson,2 Dorota Dajnowiec,2 Bernie Sattin,2 Erik Sabot,3 Baljinder Salh4
1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Western University, London, ON, Canada; 2Janssen Inc., Toronto, ON, Canada; 3OptumInsight, Boston, MA, USA; 4Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Background: Given the large armamentarium of therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), physicians cannot fully describe all treatments to patients and, therefore, make assumptions regarding treatment attributes communicated to patients. This study aimed to assess out-of-pocket willingness-to-pay that IBD patients allocate to treatment attributes.
Methods: Adult patients receiving therapy for IBD were invited to access a cross-sectional web-based discrete-choice experiment (May 22–August 31, 2015) that presented paired medication scenarios with varying efficacy, safety, and administration parameters. Preference weights and willingness-to-pay for each attribute level were assessed by a hierarchical Bayes method including a multinomial logit model.
Results: A total of 586 IBD patients were included, 404 (68.9%) with Crohn’s disease and 182 (31.1%) with ulcerative colitis. Genders were evenly distributed; the majority of patients (70.1%) were 50 years or younger and had postsecondary education (75.4%), while the median health status was 7 (Likert scale: 1 [poor] – 10 [perfect]). Regarding relative preference-weight estimates, for the average respondent, reducing pain during administration, mucosal healing, and symptom relief were the highest-ranking attributes. Conversely, infusion reactions and risk of hospitalization or surgery were the lowest-ranking attributes. In multivariate analysis, patient sociodemographics did not affect the rank order of attributes although small differences were observed between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients in the previous year.
Conclusion: This study has important implications related to understanding patient preferences and designing patient-centered strategies. IBD patients prioritize treatments with low administration pain. Additionally, these results concur with treatment guidelines emphasizing patients’ preference for mucosal healing and symptom control.
Keywords: inflammatory bowel disease, patient preference, willingness-to-pay, discrete choice
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