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Improving doctor-patient communication: content validity examination of a novel urinary system-simulating physical model

Authors Hu W, Song Y, Zhong X, Feng J, Wang P, Huang C

Received 29 September 2016

Accepted for publication 2 November 2016

Published 13 December 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 2519—2529

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S123468

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu

WenGang Hu, YaJun Song, Xiao Zhong, JiaYu Feng, PingXian Wang, ChiBing Huang

Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Effective doctor–patient communication is essential for establishing a successful doctor–patient relationship and implementing high-quality health care. In this study, a novel urinary system-simulating physical model was designed and fabricated, and its content validity for improving doctor–patient communication was examined by conducting a randomized controlled trial in which this system was compared with photographs. A total of 240 inpatients were randomly selected and assigned to six doctors for treatment. After primary diagnosis and treatment had been determined, these patients were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group. Patients in the experimental group participated in model-based doctor–patient communication, whereas control group patients received picture-based communication. Within 30 min after this communication, a Demographic Information Survey Scale and a Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale (MISS) were distributed to investigate patients’ demographic characteristics and their assessments of total satisfaction, distress relief, communication comfort, rapport, and compliance intent. The study results demonstrated that the individual groups were comparable with respect to demographic variables but that relative to patients in the picture-based communication group, patients in the model-based communication group had significantly higher total satisfaction scores and higher ratings for distress relief, communication comfort, rapport, and compliance intent. These results indicate that the physical model is more effective than the pictures at improving doctor–patient communication and patient outcomes. The application of the physical model in doctor–patient communication is helpful and valuable and therefore merits widespread clinical popularization.

Keywords:
doctor–patient communication, doctor–patient relationship, model, urology

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