Implantable collamer lens with central hole: 3-year follow-up
Received 18 April 2018
Accepted for publication 17 July 2018
Published 11 October 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2015—2029
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Luis Fernández-Vega-Cueto,1 Carlos Lisa,1 José J Esteve-Taboada,2 Robert Montés-Micó,2 José F Alfonso1,3
1Department of Surgery, Fernández-Vega Ophthalmological Institute, Oviedo, Spain; 2Department of Optics and Optometry and Visual Sciences, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; 3School of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
Purpose: To evaluate the long-term predictability, stability, safety, and efficacy of the V4c Visian implantable collamer lens (ICL) with central hole to correct myopia.
Patients and methods: One hundred and eighty-four eyes of 92 patients were evaluated during 3 years after implantation of the V4c ICL. The refraction, uncorrected distance visual acuity, best-corrected distance visual acuity, IOP, endothelial cell count, vault, and adverse effects were evaluated every 12 months during the whole follow-up.
Results: The mean spherical equivalent dropped from -8.30±2.98 D preoperatively to -0.37±0.47 D at 36 months post-surgery, with 91.8% eyes being within ±1.00 D of emmetropia. With respect to the astigmatic components J0 and J45, 98.4% and 99.5% of eyes, respectively, were within ±0.50 D of the desired refraction. At 36 months, 78.8% of eyes had no change in the Snellen lines of best-corrected distance visual acuity, while 8.7% gained one line and 6.5% gained two or more lines; mean safety and efficacy indexes were 1.03 and 0.90, respectively. Mean endothelial cell count was 2,742±340 cells/mm2 before and 2,663±366 cells/mm2 at 36 months post-surgery. Mean IOP reduced from 13.7±1.9 mmHg preoperatively to 12.8±1.7 mmHg at 36 months post-surgery. Mean vault varied from 409±196 µm at 12 months to 349±165 µm at 36 months.
Conclusion: The visual and refractive outcomes were very good and highly stable throughout the follow-up period, indicating that this ICL model may be predictable, stable, safe, and effective to correct myopia in the long term.
Keywords: phakic intraocular lens, implantable collamer lens, Visian ICL, long-term evaluation
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