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How to meet patients' individual needs for drug information - a scoping review

Authors Kusch MKP, Haefeli WE, Seidling HM

Received 9 May 2018

Accepted for publication 4 September 2018

Published 6 November 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2339—2355


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Marcel KP Kusch,1,2 Walter E Haefeli,1,2 Hanna M Seidling1,2

1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacoepidemiology, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany; 2Cooperation Unit Clinical Pharmacy, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany

Purpose: The aim of this study was to 1) describe drug information desired by patients and 2) analyze how such information could be customized to be presented to patients according to their individual information needs.
Materials and methods: We performed a scoping literature search and identified relevant drug information topics by assessing and clustering 1) studies analyzing patients’ enquiries to drug information hotlines and services, and 2) qualitative studies evaluating patient drug information needs. For the two most frequently mentioned topics, we further analyzed which components (ie, information domains) the topics contained and examined patients’ and health care professionals’ (HCPs) views on these components.
Results: Of 27 identified drug information topics in the literature search, patients most frequently requested information on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and drug–drug interactions (DDIs). Hypothetically, those topics are composed of seven distinct information domains each (eg, ADR and DDI classification by frequency, severity, or onset; information on management strategies, monitoring, and prevention strategies). Patients’ and HCPs’ appraisal concerning the information content of these domains varies greatly and is even lacking sometimes.
Conclusion: Patients particularly request information on ADRs and DDIs. Approaches to customize such information are sparse. The identified information domains of each topic could be used to structure corresponding drug information and to thus facilitate customization to individual information needs.

Keywords: medication information, information needs, customization, adverse drug reactions, side effects, drug–drug interactions

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