Factors predicting change in corneal astigmatism following suture removal in post-penetrating keratoplasty patients
Authors Satitpitakul V, Uramphorn N, Kasetsuwan N
Received 25 April 2019
Accepted for publication 9 August 2019
Published 21 August 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1593—1597
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Vannarut Satitpitakul, Nopphawan Uramphorn, Ngamjit Kasetsuwan
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cress Society, Bangkok, Thailand
Correspondence: Vannarut Satitpitakul
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cress Society, 1873 Rama 4 Road, Pathuwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Tel +66 89 495 9022
Fax +66 2 252 8290
Purpose: To identify factors predicting corneal astigmatic change following suture removal in post-penetrating keratoplasty patients.
Patients and methods: This cross-sectional study included the data of 33 events of corneal suture removal from 27 post-penetrating keratoplasty patients. Sutures were removed from the steep axis of transplanted cornea with 16 interrupted corneal sutures. Corneal astigmatism was measured before and after suture removal using ORBSCAN II. Patients’ demographic data and corneal biomechanics parameters obtaining from the Corvis ST were recorded. The changes in corneal astigmatism were calculated using vector analysis. The correlation between changes in corneal astigmatism and the potential factors was evaluated using Spearman’s correlation coefficient and linear regression model.
Results: The mean corneal astigmatism before and after suture removal was 7.1±3.7 diopters (D) and 5.5±3.2D, respectively. The mean astigmatic change was 7.0±6.3D (range, 0.3–30.8D) by vector analysis at 9.7±5.5 weeks after suture removal. Change in corneal astigmatism was significantly correlated with pre-suture removal astigmatism (Rs=0.47, P=0.01). There was no correlation between the donor-recipient trephine diameter difference, the duration from corneal transplantation to suture removal, the number of removed sutures with the change in corneal astigmatism, and corneal biomechanics parameters (P>0.05). Linear regression is given by the following equation: astigmatic change (D)=1.05x pre-suture removal astigmatism (D) - 0.43.
Conclusion: The astigmatic change after corneal suture removal in post-keratoplasty patients was significantly correlated with pre-suture removal astigmatism. These findings will permit a validated approach for reducing corneal astigmatism in post-keratoplasty patients.
Keywords: corneal astigmatism, corneal transplantation, keratoplasty, corneal biomechanics
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