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Factors influencing perceived health status among elderly workers: occupational stress, frailty, sleep quality, and motives for food choices

Authors Ha J, Kim J

Received 27 March 2019

Accepted for publication 25 July 2019

Published 21 August 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1493—1501

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S210205

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Jiyeon Ha,1 Juah Kim2

1College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon 35365, South Korea; 2Department of Nursing, Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy, Daejeon 34059, South Korea

Correspondence: Juah Kim
Department of Nursing, Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy, 90 Jaun-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34059, South Korea
Tel +82 42 600 8583
Email booa04@gmail.com

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate occupational stress, frailty, sleep quality, and motives for food choices as key factors affecting the perceived health status among elderly workers.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 175 participants at the Community Senior Club in an urban area. The data was collected from November to December 2018. Pearson’s correlation analyses were performed for perceived health status, occupational stress, sleep quality, and motives for food choices. Multivariate linear regression was adjusted for general characteristics such as age, gender, level of education, living arrangements, and the number of illnesses.
Results: Occupational stress (r=−0.195, p<0.001), frailty (r=−0.468, p<0.001), and sleep quality scores (r=−0.306, p<0.001) showed significant negative correlations with perceived health status. Conversely, 5 motives for food choices (health, weight control, price, sensory appeal, and mood) were positively correlated with perceived health status. Linear regression analysis showed that occupational stress (β=−0.195, p<0.001), frailty (β=−0.420, p<0.001), and motives for food choices based on sensory appeal (β=0.240, p<0.001) were significant influencing factors for perceived health status.
Conclusion: We found that occupational stress, frailty, and motives for food choices based on sensory appeal were significant factors for elderly worker health. This suggests that it is important to consider occupational stress, frailty, and motivation for food choices when examining the health of elderly workers. There is a need for more tailored health promotion interventions when considering these factors and the elderly population.

Keywords: occupational stress, frailty, sleep, food preferences, health status


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