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Evaluation of corneal changes after myopic LASIK using the Pentacam®

Authors Khairat YM, Mohamed YH, Moftah IA, Fouad NN

Received 12 May 2013

Accepted for publication 17 July 2013

Published 9 September 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 1771—1776

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S48077

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Yehia M Khairat, Yasser H Mohamed, Ismail ANO Moftah, Narden N Fouad

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, El-Minya University, Egypt

Background: In this study, we used a Pentacam® device to evaluate the corneal changes that occur after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).
Methods: Our study included 60 eyes of 32 patients. All patients were treated for myopia and myopic astigmatism using LASIK. The eyes were examined preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively using a Pentacam to assess corneal changes with regard to curvature, elevation, and asphericity of the cornea.
Results: A statistically significant decrease in mean keratometric power of the anterior corneal surface (P = 0.001) compared with its pre-LASIK value was detected after 3 months, but there was no significant change in keratometric power of the posterior surface (P = 0.836). Asphericity (Q-value) of the anterior and posterior surfaces increased significantly after LASIK (P = 0.001). A significant forward bulge of the anterior corneal surface 4 mm and 7 mm from the central zone was detected 3 months post-LASIK (P = 0.001 for both), but there was no significant increase in posterior elevation at 4 mm and 7 mm from the center (P = 0.637 and P = 0.26, respectively). No cases of post-LASIK ectasia were detected. Correlation between different parameters of the corneal surface revealed an indirect relation between changes in pachymetry and anterior corneal elevation at 4 mm and 7 mm from the central zone (r = −0.27, P = 0.13, and r = −0.37, P = 0.04, respectively), and a direct proportion between changes in pachymetry and mean keratometric power of the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces (r = 0.7, P = 0.001 and r = 0.4, P = 0.028, respectively).
Conclusion: LASIK causes significant changes at the anterior corneal surface but the effect is subtle and insignificant at the posterior surface.

Keywords: LASIK, laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, Pentacam®, corneal elevation, corneal asphericity

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