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Evaluation of a sublingual immunotherapy solution in olive-induced respiratory allergy in Jordan: a retrospective observational study

Authors Al-Asad K, Al-Nazer S, Al-Faqih A, Hashem MJ

Received 11 September 2015

Accepted for publication 9 June 2016

Published 24 February 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 23—30

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JAA.S96153

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gang Chen

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Amrita Dosanjh

Khaled Al-Asad, Sayed Al-Nazer, Anan Al-Faqih, Mohammad Jamil Hashem

Private practice, Amman, Jordan

Background: Olive pollen is an important cause of respiratory allergy in the Middle East. In this study, the clinical characteristics of adults and children with confirmed allergic rhinitis (AR; with or without asthma) in Jordan were described, and the use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in a real-life clinical setting was assessed.
Methods: This retrospective observational study evaluated the clinical features of olive-induced allergy and the use of an SLIT solution of standardized extracts toward Ole e 1 given in a pre- and coseasonal scheme with a daily dose of 300 index of reactivity for two consecutive seasons. Inclusion criteria were as follows: ≥5 years of age, AR, proven olive sensitization, and at least 2 years follow-up after SLIT initiation. The following data were recorded at SLIT initiation: clinical characteristics, rhinitis and asthma symptom scores, and concomitant symptomatic medications. During follow-up and at the end of each season, the following data were recorded: symptom progression/scores, any changes to symptomatic medications, and treatment compliance. The secondary objective was to determine any effect on quality of life, use of concomitant AR medications, and treatment compliance.
Results: Eighty-six patients with seasonal AR were included in this analysis (52.3% with coexisting asthma). Between the initiation of treatment and the end of second pollen season, symptoms of AR and asthma were decreased by 79.5% and 41.7%, respectively, with an improvement in quality of life score in 71.5% of the patients (P<0.0001 for all). Physicians reported that after 2 years of SLIT, there was an improvement in the symptoms of both AR (95.2%) and asthma (93.3%), with 98.8% of the patients showing good treatment compliance. A reduction in symptomatic medications was also found. SLIT was well tolerated with no systemic reactions being reported.
Conclusion: In children and adults with olive-associated respiratory allergy in Jordan, the use of a pre- and coseasonal SLIT with a 300 index of reactivity daily dose is effective in reducing the clinical burden of AR and asthma with no tolerability issues.

Keywords: olive pollen, rhinitis, allergen immunotherapy, SLIT, tolerability, effectiveness, patient satisfaction
 

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