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Elevated Triglycerides (≥150 mg/dL) and High Triglycerides (200–499 mg/dL) Are Significant Predictors of New Heart Failure Diagnosis: A Real-World Analysis of High-Risk Statin-Treated Patients

Authors Toth PP, Philip S, Hull M, Granowitz C

Received 29 June 2019

Accepted for publication 15 November 2019

Published 4 December 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 533—538

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S221289

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Harry Struijker-Boudier


Peter P Toth,1,2 Sephy Philip,3 Michael Hull,4 Craig Granowitz3

1CGH Medical Center, Sterling, IL, USA; 2Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 3Amarin Pharma Inc, Bedminster, NJ, USA; 4Optum, Eden Prairie, MN, USA

Correspondence: Peter P Toth
CGH Medical Center, 101 East Miller Road, Sterling, IL 61081, USA
Tel +1 815-632-5093
Fax +1 815-626-5947
Email Peter.Toth@cghmc.com

Purpose: Real-world data may provide insight into relationships between high triglycerides (TG), a modifiable cardiovascular (CV) risk factor, and increased heart failure (HF) risk.
Patients and methods: This retrospective administrative claims analysis included statin-treated patients aged ≥45 years with diabetes and/or atherosclerotic CV disease enrolled in 2010 and followed for ≥6 months to March 2016. Patients with TG ≥150 mg/dL and a comparator cohort with TG 40 mg/dL were included. A sub-analysis was conducted in patients with TG 200–499 mg/dL. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated from multivariate analyses controlled for patient characteristics and comorbidities using Cox proportional hazard modeling. New diagnosis of HF required diagnosis in the follow-up period without prior evidence of HF.
Results: Multivariate analyses revealed a 19% higher rate of new HF diagnosis in the TG ≥150 mg/dL cohort (HR=1.192; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.134–1.252; P<0.001; n=24,043) and a 24% higher rate in the TG 200–499 mg/dL sub-cohort (HR=1.235; 95% CI=1.160–1.315; P<0.001; n=11,657), each versus the comparator cohort (n=30,218).
Conclusion: In a real-world analysis of statin-treated patients with high CV risk, elevated and high TG were significant predictors of new HF diagnosis.

Keywords: hypertriglyceridemia, cardiovascular disease, costs, statins


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