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Drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol 3 mg/20 µg (24/4 day regimen): hormonal contraceptive choices – use of a fourth-generation progestin

Authors Gloria Bachmann, Sharon Kopacz

Published 16 August 2009 Volume 2009:3 Pages 259—264

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S3901

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Gloria Bachmann, Sharon Kopacz

Women’s Health Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, USA

Abstract: The combined oral contraceptive pill (COC) consisting of drospirenone 3 mg/ethinyl estradiol 20 µg (3 mg DRSP/20 µg EE-24/4) supplies 24 days of pills with hormones followed by 4 days of hormone-free pills. This regimen is called the 24/4 regimen. The progesterone component of this oral contraceptive pill (OCP), drospirenone (DRSP), is a fourth-generation progestin that has potent progestogenic, antimineralocorticoid, and antiandrogenic activity, which are unique characteristics compared with the other progestogens contained in most of the other OCPs currently marketed. This formulation, in addition to being an effective long-term OCP, has the additional medical benefit of providing a good parallel treatment for premenstrual dysphoric disorder and moderate acne. The effectiveness of 3 mg DRSP/20 µg EE-24/4, its tolerability and safety, and its additional non-contraceptive benefits are discussed.

Keywords: drospirenone, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, acne vulgaris, contraception, antimineralocorticoid activity, antiandrogenic activity

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