Diathermy for 23-gauge sclerotomy: a functional and morphologic study to avoid ocular hypotony
Received 24 March 2019
Accepted for publication 19 August 2019
Published 4 September 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1703—1710
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Soraya Horowitz1, Nadyr A Damasceno1, Felipe Muralha2, Maurício B Pereira3, Mauricio Maia2, Eduardo F Damasceno3
1Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Naval Marcilio Dias, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2Department of Ophthalmology, The Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brazil
Correspondence: Eduardo F Damasceno
Marques do Paraná, 303 Niteroi, 20530050 Brazil
Tel +55 212 562 2343
Purpose: To evaluate diathermy to minimize sclerotomy leakage during small-gauge vitrectomy and prevent ocular hypotony.
Methods: This observational prospective study included 327 patients (327 eyes) who underwent diathermy to close the sclerotomy sites during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). All patients were operated by a single surgeon (ED) and evaluated at 30 and 60 days postoperatively. Patients with glaucoma, topical/systemic steroids use exceeding 30 days, ocular inflammation, or trauma were excluded. Chi-square, Kruskal–Wallis, Fisher Exact test, and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to evaluate potential risk factors. The primary outcomes were open sclerotomies, leakage, and ocular hypotony.
Results: Sclerotomies remained open in 12 (3.6%) and 2 (0.6%) patients, respectively, at 30 and 60 days postoperatively, revealing no case of ocular hypotony. Leakage only occurred in four patients (1.2%) during week 1 postoperatively. Multivariate analysis indicated that additional vitreoretinal surgeries and longer surgeries were risk factors for persistent sclerotomy opening.
Conclusion: Diathermy was safe and feasible to close sclerotomies. Vitreoretinal surgery reoperations and longer surgeries were the most significant (P<0.05) risk factors for persistent sclerotomy opening, which may be functionally closed without evidence of leakage or ocular hypotony.
Keywords: vitreoretinal surgery, pars plana vitrectomy, 23-gauge sclerotomy, sclerotomy closure, sclerotomy diathermy, vitrectomy complications
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