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Detection of hepatitis C virus core protein in serum by atomic force microscopy combined with mass spectrometry

Authors Ivanov YD, Kaysheva AL, Frantsuzov PA, Pleshakova TO, Krohin NV, Izotov AA, Shumov ID, Uchaikin VF, Konev VA, Ziborov VS, Archakov AI

Received 25 July 2014

Accepted for publication 16 October 2014

Published 25 February 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 1597—1608

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S71776

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster

Yuri D Ivanov,1 Anna L Kaysheva,1,2 Pavel A Frantsuzov,1 Tatyana O Pleshakova,1 Nikolay V Krohin,1 Alexander A Izotov,1 Ivan D Shumov,1 Vasiliy F Uchaikin,1 Vladimir A Konev,1 Vadim S Ziborov,1 Alexander I Archakov1

1Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, 2PostgenTech Ltd, Moscow, Russia

Abstract: A method for detection and identification of core antigen of hepatitis C virus (HCVcoreAg)-containing particles in the serum was proposed, with due account taken of the interactions of proteotypic peptides with Na+, K+, and Cl- ions. The method is based on a combination of reversible biospecific atomic force microscopy (AFM)-fishing and mass spectrometry (MS). AFM-fishing enables concentration, detection, and counting of protein complexes captured on the AFM chip surface, with their subsequent MS identification. Biospecific AFM-fishing of HCVcoreAg-containing particles from serum samples was carried out using AFM chips with immobilized antibodies against HCVcoreAg (HCVcoreAgim). Formation of complexes between anti-HCVcoreAgim and HCVcoreAg-containing particles on the AFM chip surface during the fishing process was demonstrated. These complexes were registered and counted by AFM. Further MS analysis allowed reliable identification of HCVcoreAg within the complexes formed on the AFM chip surface. It was shown that MS data processing, with account taken of the interactions between HCVcoreAg peptides and Na+, K+ cations, and Cl- anions, allows an increase in the number of peptides identified.

Keywords: hepatitis C virus, molecular detector, biospecific fishing

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