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Cross-Sectional Study on the Coping Strategies Among Glaucoma Patients Attending a Secondary Eye Clinic in Calabar, Nigeria

Authors Eni EN, Edet BE, Ibanga AA, Duke RE

Received 15 December 2019

Accepted for publication 9 April 2020

Published 13 May 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1307—1313

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S242443

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Egbula Nkanu Eni,1 Bassey Eyo Edet,2 Affiong Andem Ibanga,3 Roseline Ekanem Duke1

1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria; 2Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Correspondence: Egbula Nkanu Eni
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
Tel +234 7035252071
Email egbulaeni@gmail.com

Purpose: The major objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the coping strategies of glaucoma patients at a secondary eye care unit with a view to deciding whether an intervention programme would be justified.
Patients and Methods: The coping styles of 130 consenting adult glaucoma patients aged 18 years and above who were being treated for glaucoma in the Cross River State Eye Care Programme clinic in Calabar, Nigeria, were investigated by means of the 28-item Brief-COPE inventory in this descriptive cross-sectional study.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 54.2 years (± 14.3) while almost three quarters (73.8%) of them were married. About four out of every five persons examined (81.5%) had a minimum of primary education. “Substance (alcohol and other drug) use”, “self-blame” and “behavioural disengagement” are coping styles that were reported by 33%, 42% and 42% of the participants, respectively. This group of patients should be identified in the clinic for appropriate psychological intervention.
Conclusion: The present study confirms previous findings and contributes additional evidence that suggests that coping strategies should be considered in the holistic management of glaucoma patients. The information from the current study can be used to develop targeted interventions aimed at improving the coping styles of glaucoma patients.

Keywords: adults, coping styles, Brief-COPE inventory, Cross River State

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