Back to Browse Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 5

Comparison of retinal breaks observed during 23 gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy versus conventional 20 gauge surgery for proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Authors Sharif A Issa, Alan Connor, Maged Habib, et al

Published 20 January 2011 Volume 2011:5 Pages 109—114

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S16414

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Sharif A Issa, Alan Connor, Maged Habib, David HW Steel
Department of Ophthalmology, Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, UK

Background: To assess the rate and type of retinal break formation in patients undergoing 23 gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy surgery for complications of proliferative diabetic retinopathy compared with 20 gauge vitrectomy surgery.
Methods: Retrospective case notes review of two consecutive series of patients who had primary pars plana vitrectomy for complications of proliferative diabetic retinopathy by a single surgeon. The control group had standard 20 gauge vitrectomy surgery whilst the second group had 23 gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy surgery.
Results: Eighty-five eyes were included in the 20 gauge group and 85 eyes in the 23 gauge group. The groups were well matched for surgical complexity and indications for surgery, as well as a variety of other preoperative variables. There was a significant reduction in the incidence of peripheral sclerotomy-related retinal breaks and lesions suspicious for breaks (4/85 [5%] 23 gauge versus 14/85 [16%] 20 gauge, P = 0.02) and posterior retinal breaks (3/85 [4%] 23 gauge versus 12/85 [14%] 20 gauge, P = 0.03). Six eyes (7%) in total had definite new retinal breaks of any type detected in the 23 gauge group compared with 16 (18.8%) in the 20 gauge group (P = 0.04). One patient in each group experienced a retinal detachment postoperatively related in both cases to a posterior retinal break associated with recurrent traction.
Conclusion: In this series of patients, 23 gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy surgery was associated with a lower rate of retinal break formation than 20 gauge vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: proliferative, diabetic retinopathy, transconjunctival, vitrectomy

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other article by this author:

Alpha antagonists and intraoperative floppy iris syndrome: A spectrum

Sharif A Issa, Omar H Hadid, Oliver Baylis, Margaret Dayan

Clinical Ophthalmology 2008, 2:735-741

Published Date: 5 December 2008

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010