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Cannabinoid derivate-loaded PLGA nanocarriers for oral administration: formulation, characterization, and cytotoxicity studies

Authors Martín-Banderas L, Álvarez-Fuentes J, Durán-Lobato M, Prados J, Melguizo C, Fernández-Arévalo M, Holgado MÁ

Received 4 June 2012

Accepted for publication 10 July 2012

Published 23 November 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 5793—5806

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S34633

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Lucía Martín-Banderas,1 Josefa Álvarez-Fuentes,1 Matilde Durán-Lobato,1 José Prados,2 Consolación Melguizo,2 Mercedes Fernández-Arévalo,1 Mª Ángeles Holgado1

1
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Seville, Seville, Spain; 2Institute of Biopathology and Regenerative Medicine (IBIMER), School of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Abstract: CB13 (1-Naphthalenyl[4-(pentyloxy)-1-naphthalenyl]methanone)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (NPs) were produced by nanoprecipitation and tested for their in vitro release behavior and in vitro cytotoxicity assays. The effects of several formulation parameters such as polymer type, surfactant concentration, and initial drug amount were studied. NPs had a particle size 90–300 nm in diameter. Results obtained show that the main influence on particle size was the type of polymer employed during the particle production: the greater the hydrophobicity, the smaller the particle size. In terms of encapsulation efficiency (%), high values were achieved (~68%–90%) for all formulations prepared due to the poor solubility of CB13 in the external aqueous phase. Moreover, an inverse relationship between release rate and NP size was found. On the other hand, low molecular weight and low lactide content resulted in a less hydrophobic polymer with increased rates of water absorption, hydrolysis, and erosion. NPs showed no cytotoxicity and may be considered to be appropriate for drug-delivery purposes.

Keywords: neuropathic pain, CB13, nanoprecipitation

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