Binocular Visual Function in a Pre-Presbyopic Patient with Uniocular Cataract Undergoing Cataract Surgery with a Multifocal Intraocular Lens
Received 19 March 2020
Accepted for publication 11 June 2020
Published 16 July 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 2001—2009
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Laura J Wood,1,2,* Jasleen K Jolly,1,2,* Markus Groppe,3 Larry Benjamin,3 James F Kirwan,4 Nishal Patel,5 Mostafa A Elgohary,6 Robert E MacLaren1,2
1Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 2Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK; 3Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Buckingham Healthcare NHS Trust, Walton, UK; 4Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust, Portsmouth, UK; 5Kent and Canterbury Hospital, East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundation Trust, Canterbury, UK; 6Kingston Hospital, Kingston Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Kingston Upon Thames, UK
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Laura J Wood
Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Background/Aim: An increasing number of pre-presbyopic patients are undergoing uniocular cataract extraction. We aim to compare the binocular status of subjects with uniocular cataracts, implanted either with a multifocal or a monofocal intraocular lens (IOL).
Materials and Methods: Subjects were recruited from outpatient ophthalmology clinics and randomized to an IOL type. Corrected and uncorrected LogMAR distance visual acuity (VA) and near and intermediate VA using the Radner reading test were completed. The binocular tests included the Worth Four Dot Test, fixation disparity, TNO stereoacuity and foveal suppression assessment. In addition to the near activity vision questionnaire. The trial was closed early because the chosen multifocal lens had been superseded by newer models. We report two subjects, one receiving the multifocal IOL and a monofocal IOL control with the most comparable baseline characteristics.
Results: Both subjects experienced uncomplicated cataract surgery, showing clinically significant improved corrected distance VA, 0.06 LogMAR and − 0.16 LogMAR in the monofocal and multifocal IOL, respectively. The multifocal subject had 30 seconds of arc stereoacuity indicating normal binocular vision. Only gross binocular single vision with no stereopsis was found in the monofocal IOL subject. The latter subject also had reduced near vision quality-of-life questionnaire results.
Conclusion: This two-patient case series demonstrates greater binocular near ability, with the multifocal IOL, in the pre-presbyopic patient undergoing uniocular cataract surgery. The case series highlights the need, and methodology for investigating further the functional and quality-of-life benefits of implanting multifocal IOLs in pre-presbyopic patients, those in their twenties and thirties, undergoing uniocular cataract surgery.
Keywords: binocular vision, cataracts, pseudophakia, multifocal intraocular lens, accommodation
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