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Accuracy of axial length measurements obtained by optical biometry and acoustic biometry in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: a prospective study

Authors Pongsachareonnont P, Tangjanyatam S

Received 21 February 2018

Accepted for publication 11 April 2018

Published 23 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 973—980

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S165875

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Pear Pongsachareonnont, Sagol Tangjanyatam

Vitreoretinal Research Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand

Purpose: We compared the accuracy of axial length (AL) measurement obtained by optical biometry with that obtained by acoustic biometry in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
Patients and methods: This prospective descriptive analytic study measured the AL of eyes with RRD preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively using optical biometry (intraocular lens [IOL] master group) and acoustic biometry (immersion A-scan group). Preoperative and postoperative measurements were compared by paired t-test. The agreement between preoperative and postoperative measurements was analyzed using a Bland–Altman plot. Subgroup analysis of macular involvement status was performed.
Results: Twenty-seven eyes were analyzed in this study. The mean AL in the IOL master group was 23.58±0.97 mm preoperatively and 24.17±1.16 mm postoperatively; the mean difference was −0.59±0.90 mm (P = 0.007). The mean AL in the immersion A-scan group was 24.29±1.59 mm preoperatively and 24.27±1.69 mm postoperatively; the mean difference was 0.02±0.48 mm (P = 0.827). Bland–Altman analysis revealed disagreement between preoperative and postoperative AL measurements in both techniques. In subgroup analysis of macula with RRD, there were significant differences between preoperative and postoperative AL measurements in the IOL master group (P = 0.014).
Conclusion: Significant underestimation of AL measurement was observed when using the IOL master in eyes with RRD with macular involvement, which could affect IOL power selection.

Keywords: IOL biometry, phacoemulsification, phacovitrectomy, cataract surgery biometry

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