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A Semi-Quantitative Risk Assessment and Management Strategies on COVID-19 Infection to Outpatient Health Care Workers in the Post-Pandemic Period

Authors Wang Y, Wang L, Zhao X, Zhang J, Ma W, Zhao H, Han X

Received 20 November 2020

Accepted for publication 27 January 2021

Published 25 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 815—825

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S293198

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Yuncong Wang, Lihong Wang, Xia Zhao, Jingli Zhang, Wenhui Ma, Huijie Zhao, Xu Han

Hospital Infection Management Division, Xuan Wu Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Lihong Wang
Director of Division of Hospital Infection Management Division, Xuan Wu Hospital Capital Medical University, No. 45 ChangChun Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100053, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 010 83198602
Email [email protected]

Background: In the pandemic of COVID-19, due to asymptomatic patients and high personnel fluidity in outpatient clinics, health care workers (HCWs) in outpatients were facing severe threat from infection. There is an urgent need for a risk assessment to recognize and prevent infection risks.
Purpose: To establish a semi-quantitative risk assessment model on COVID-19 infections for HCWs in outpatient departments, and apply it to practices. Further to provide infection risk management strategies to reduce infection threats in the post-pandemic of COVID-19.
Methods: We used the method of Brainstorm, Literature study and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for risk factors selection and model construction, we also created corresponding indicators for each risk factors, in order to collect data in assessment practice.
Results: Eighteen risk factors were recognized and selected for model construction, by scatter plot, these risk factors had been classified into four parts, spanned the scopes of diagnosis and treatment, environment, personal protection and emergency handling, with specific management suggestions provided. In the practice, outpatient clinics were divided into three risk levels, 5 clinics in high risk level, 9 in medium risk level and 11 in low risk level.
Conclusion: A proper comprehensive risk assessment model for COVID-19 infections has been successfully established. With the model, the ability to COVID-19 prevention in outpatients can be easily evaluated. The strategies on disinfection, surveillance and personal protection were also valuable references in the post-pandemic of COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19, health care workers; HCWs, outpatient, risk assessment

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