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A multicenter retrospective comparison of goniotomy versus trabecular bypass device implantation in glaucoma patients undergoing cataract extraction

Authors Dorairaj SK, Kahook MY, Williamson BK, Seibold LK, ElMallah MK, Singh IP

Received 6 December 2017

Accepted for publication 17 February 2018

Published 30 April 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 791—797


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Syril K Dorairaj,1 Malik Y Kahook,2 Blake K Williamson,3 Leonard K Seibold,4 Mohammed K ElMallah,5 Inder P Singh6

On behalf of the KDB Goniotomy Study Group

1Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, 2School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, 3Williamson Eye Center, Baton Rouge, LA, 4School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, 5Ocala Eye, Ocala, FL, 6The Eye Center of Racine and Kenosha, Kenosha, WI, USA

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare intraocular pressure (IOP) outcomes in eyes with cataract and glaucoma undergoing phacoemulsification (phaco) in combination with goniotomy using the Kahook Dual Blade (KDB) or implantation of a single iStent trabecular bypass device.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of IOP and IOP-lowering medication reduction in eyes undergoing phaco-goniotomy with KDB (n=237) or phaco-iStent (n=198). Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were collected through 6 months of follow-up. Outcome measures included mean IOP reduction, mean reduction in IOP-lowering medications, and the proportion of eyes achieving ≥20% IOP reduction or ≥1 medication reduction from baseline.
Results: Mean IOP in the phaco-goniotomy with KDB group decreased from 17.9±4.4 mmHg at baseline to 13.6±2.7 mmHg at Month 6 (P<0.001), with mean medication use decreasing from 1.7±0.9 to 0.6±1.0 (P<0.001). In the phaco-iStent group, mean IOP decreased from 16.7±4.4 mmHg to 13.9±2.7 mmHg (P<0.001), with mean IOP-lowering medication use decreasing from 1.9±0.9 to 1.0±1.0 (P<0.001). Mean IOP reduction from baseline was significantly greater in the phaco-goniotomy with KDB group at Month 6 (phaco-goniotomy with KDB −4.2 mmHg [23.7%] vs phaco-iStent −2.7 mmHg [16.4%]; P<0.001). IOP-lowering medication reduction was greater in the phaco-goniotomy with KDB group compared to the phaco-iStent group (1.1 vs 0.9 medications, respectively; P=0.001). The most common adverse event was IOP spikes occurring in 12.6% of phaco-iStent eyes and 6.3% of phaco-goniotomy with KDB eyes (P=0.024).
Conclusion: Goniotomy with the KDB combined with cataract surgery significantly lowers both IOP and the need for IOP-lowering medications compared to cataract extraction with iStent implantation in glaucomatous eyes through 6 months of postoperative follow-up.

Keywords: glaucoma, goniotomy, intraocular pressure

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