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A case of iatrogenic pneumothorax in which chest tube placement could be avoided by intraoperative evaluation with transthoracic ultrasonography

Authors Sato I, Kanda H, Kanao-Kanda M, Kurosawa A, Kunisawa T

Received 2 January 2017

Accepted for publication 17 May 2017

Published 5 July 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 843—845

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S131472

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Izumi Sato, Hirotsugu Kanda, Megumi Kanao-Kanda, Atsushi Kurosawa, Takayuki Kunisawa

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, Japan

Abstract: We report a case of iatrogenic pneumothorax in which chest tube placement was avoided by continuous intraoperative evaluation with transthoracic ultrasonography. A 53-year-old man had undergone a subsegmentectomy. While attempting to place a central venous catheter in the right internal jugular vein after the induction of anesthesia, we identified gas absorption during the puncture and suspected a pneumothorax. Chest X-ray revealed an ~5-mm collapse of the right lung apex. Tension pneumothorax was a concern during surgery because of the long-term positive pressure ventilation, but we decided to start the operation without preventative chest tube placement. During the operation, we regularly observed the midclavicular line of the second intercostal space using ultrasound. The operation was completed uneventfully. In this case, we effectively utilized ultrasound and avoided preventive chest tube placement and the associated complications. Transthoracic ultrasonography could be performed easily and continuously during surgery and was effective for evaluating the progression of an intraoperative pneumothorax.

Keywords:
transthoracic ultrasonography, iatrogenic pneumothorax, central venous catheterization

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