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A 10-point plan for avoiding hyaluronic acid dermal filler-related complications during facial aesthetic procedures and algorithms for management

Authors Heydenrych I, Kapoor KM, De Boulle K, Goodman G, Swift A, Kumar N, Rahman E

Received 20 July 2018

Accepted for publication 24 September 2018

Published 23 November 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 603—611

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S180904

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg


Izolda Heydenrych,1,2 Krishan M Kapoor,3,4 Koenraad De Boulle,5 Greg Goodman,6,7 Arthur Swift,8 Narendra Kumar,9 Eqram Rahman10

1
Cape Town Cosmetic Dermatology Centre, Central Park on Esplanade, Century City, Cape Town, South Africa; 2Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa; 3Department of Plastic Surgery, Fortis Hospital, Mohali, India; 4AntiClock Clinic, Chandigarh, India; 5Aalst Dermatology Clinic, Aalst, Belgium; 6Department of Primary Heath Care, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; 7Skin and Cancer Foundation Inc, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; 8Westmount Institute of Plastic Surgery, Montreal, Canada; 9Faculty of Medical Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford, UK; 10Institute of Medical and Biomedical Education, St George’s University of London, London, UK

Abstract: The recent rapid growth in dermal filler use, in conjunction with inadequate product and injector control, has heralded a concerning increase in filler complications. The 10-point plan has been developed to minimize complications through careful preconsideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure related. Patient-related factors include history, which involves a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions, systemic disease, medications, and previous cosmetic procedures. Other exclusion criteria include autoimmune diseases and multiple allergies. The temporal proximity of dental or routine medical procedures is discouraged. Insightful patient assessment, with the consideration of ethnicity, gender, and generational needs, is of paramount importance. Specified informed consent is vital due to the concerning increase in vascular complications, which carry the risk for skin compromise and loss of vision. Informed consent should be signed for both adverse events and their treatment. Product-related factors include reversibility, which is a powerful advantage when using hyaluronic acid (HA) products. Complications from nonreversible or minimally degradable products, especially when layered over vital structures, are more difficult to control. Product characteristics such as HA concentration and proprietary cross-linking should be understood in the context of ideal depth, placement, and expected duration. Product layering over late or minimally degradable fillers is discouraged, while layering of HA of over the same brand, or even across brands, seems to be feasible. Procedural factors such as photographic documentation, procedural planning, aseptic ­technique, and anatomical and technical knowledge are of pivotal importance. A final section is dedicated to algorithms and protocols for the management and treatment of complications such as hypersensitivity, vascular events, infection, and late-onset nodules. The 10-point plan is a systematic, effective strategy aimed at reducing the risk of dermal filler complications.

Keywords: assessment, complications, dermal fillers, prevention, treatment

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