Back to Browse Journals » Clinical Interventions in Aging » Volume 8

Associations between cognitive abilities and life satisfaction in the oldest-old. Results from the longitudinal population study Good Aging in Skåne

Authors Enkvist Å, Ekström H, Elmståhl S

Published Date July 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 845—853


Received 18 March 2013, Accepted 15 April 2013, Published 11 July 2013

Åsa Enkvist, Henrik Ekström, Sölve Elmståhl

Department of Health Sciences, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden

Introduction: Studies on the associations between cognitive abilities and life satisfaction (LS) in the oldest-old are few. The aim of this study was to explore whether abilities in six different cognitive domains could predict LS in the oldest-old 3 years later.
Methods: The study population consisted of 681 individuals aged 78–98 years, drawn from the longitudinal population study “Good Aging in Skåne,” which is part of a national survey (The Swedish National Study on Aging and Care). Scores on 13 cognitive tests were related to scores on Neugartens’ LS index A (LSI-A) 3 years later. The cognitive tests were added into six different cognitive domains. A multiple regression analysis was constructed for each cognitive domain separately, with scores on the LSI-A as the dependent variable. The model was adjusted stepwise for sex, age, education, functional capacity, and depressive mood.
Results: Significant correlations were found between digit cancellation, word recall, verbal fluency (VF) A, VF animals, VF occupations, and mental rotations at baseline, as well as LSI-A at follow-up. The domains of spatial abilities (B = 0.453, P = 0.014) and processing speed (B = 0.118, P = 0.020) remained significantly associated with LSI-A 3 years later after adjustment.
Conclusion: The cognitive domains of spatial abilities and processing speed predicted LS 3 years later in the oldest-old. Clinical implications are discussed.

Keywords: oldest-old, life satisfaction, longitudinal, crystallized and fluid intelligence, cognition

Download Article [PDF] 

Creative Commons License This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at:

Other article by this author:

Readers of this article also read:

Reduced dorsolateral prefrontal cortical hemodynamic response in adult obsessive-compulsive disorder as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy during the verbal fluency task

Hirosawa R, Narumoto J, Sakai Y, Nishida S, Ishida T, Nakamae T, Takei Y, Fukui K

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2013, 9:955-962

Published Date: 11 July 2013

Antioxidant vitamin levels among preschool children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Sokoto, Nigeria

Aghedo FI, Shehu RA, Umar RA, Jiya MN, Erhabor O

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2013, 6:259-263

Published Date: 11 July 2013

Association of FTO and PPARG polymorphisms with obesity in Portuguese women

Ferreira Carlos F, Silva-Nunes J, Flores O, Brito M, Doria G, Veiga L, Baptista PV

Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy 2013, 6:241-245

Published Date: 11 July 2013

Robotic assessment of the influence of age on upper-limb sensorimotor function

LLinares A, Badesa FJ, Morales R, Garcia-Aracil N, Sabater JM, Fernandez E

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2013, 8:879-888

Published Date: 10 July 2013