Back to Journals » Drug Design, Development and Therapy » Volume 9

The study on the preparation and characterization of gene-loaded immunomagnetic albumin nanospheres and their anti-cell proliferative effect combined with magnetic fluid hyperthermia on GLC-82 cells

Authors Zhang H, Hou X, Lin M, Wang L, Li H, Yuan C, Liang C, Zhang J, Zhang D

Received 31 July 2015

Accepted for publication 20 November 2015

Published 15 December 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 6445—6460

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S93481

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Wei Duan


Hao Zhang,1 Xinxin Hou,2 Mei Lin,3 Ling Wang,1 Hongbo Li,4 Chenyan Yuan,1 Chen Liang,1 Jia Zhang,5 Dongsheng Zhang1,6

1Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 2Medical School of Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, Henan, People’s Republic of China; 3Taizhou People’s Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University, Taizhou, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital (Jiangsu Province Hospital of TCM), Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 5Jiangsu Cancer Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 6Jiangsu Key Laboratory For Biomaterials and Devices, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: As one of the most common malignant tumors, the clinical and socio-economic consequences of lung cancer are significant. Currently, surgery is the main treatment strategy for this disease, but the survival rates of lung cancer patients are not ideal due to the high recurrence rate of the disease. Therefore, many researchers are exploring new specific therapeutic methods that are highly curative and minimally cytotoxic to healthy tissues. To this end, albumin nanospheres simultaneously were loaded with super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (as gene vector and anticancer gene), and plasmid pDONR223-IFNG, and modified with anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody cetuximab as therapy. Targeting agents, namely gene-loaded immunomagnetic albumin nanospheres (cetuximab [C225]-IFNG-IMANS), were prepared for targeted lung carcinoma cells (GLC-82 cell lines). Transmission electron microscopy images showed that the C225-IFNG-IMANS were successfully prepared, and the ability of the nanospheres to target GLC-82 cells in vitro was confirmed by Prussian blue staining, immunofluorescence experiments, and magnetic resonance imaging. Transfection photographs and agarose gel electrophoresis proved that pDONR223-IFNG could be encased in the albumin nanospheres. A Cell Counting Kit-8 assay showed that the combination therapy group had significantly more therapeutic effects on GLC-82 cells than other therapy groups. A flow cytometry assay showed that the apoptotic index of the combined treatment group was 67.68%, whereas the indices of the C225 group, gene therapy group, and magnetic fluid hyperthermia group were 12.2%, 16.34%, and 20.04% respectively. Therefore, the combination of thermal treatment, molecular targeted treatment, and gene treatment synergistically targets GLC-82 cells, and the use of C225-IFNG-IMANS as a gene or drug carrier offers a novel and promising approach for the treatment of lung cancer.

Keywords: targeting gene therapy, nano-drug, magnetic nanoparticles

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]