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Isolation and evaluation of anticancer efficacy of stigmasterol in a mouse model of DMBA-induced skin carcinoma

Authors Ali H, Dixit S, Ali D, Alqahtani S, Alakahtani S, Alarifi S

Received 25 February 2015

Accepted for publication 16 April 2015

Published 28 May 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 2793—2800


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou

Huma Ali,1 Savita Dixit,1 Daoud Ali,2 Saeed M Alqahtani,3 Saad Alkahtani,2 Saud Alarifi2

1Department of Chemistry, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India; 2Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Stigmasterol (99.9% pure) was isolated from Azadirachta indica and its chemopreventive effect on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced skin cancer was investigated in Swiss albino mice. Skin tumors were induced by topical application of DMBA and promoted by croton oil. To assess the chemopreventive potential of stigmasterol, it was orally administered at a concentration of 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg three times weekly for 16 weeks. Reduction in tumor size and cumulative number of papillomas were seen as a result of treatment with stigmasterol. The average latency period was significantly increased as compared with the carcinogen-treated control. Stigmasterol induced a significant decrease in the activity of serum enzymes, such as aspartate aminotrans­ferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin as compared with the control. Stigmasterol significantly increased glutathione, superoxide dismutase, and catalase as compared with the control. Elevated levels of lipid peroxide and DNA damage in the control group were significantly inhibited by administration of stigmasterol. From the present study, it can be inferred that stigmasterol has chemopreventive activity in an experimental model of cancer. This chemopreventive activity may be linked to the oxidative stress of stigmasterol. The antigenotoxic properties of stigmasterol are also likely to contribute to its chemopreventive action.

Keywords: stigmasterol, papilloma, oxidative stress, skin carcinogenesis, chemoprevention, DNA damage

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