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Neurological manifestations in children with Sanjad–Sakati syndrome

Authors Elhassanien AF, Alghaiaty HA

Published Date May 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 393—398

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S40930

Received 29 November 2012, Accepted 20 December 2012, Published 27 May 2013

Ahmed Farag Elhassanien,1 Hesham Abdel-Aziz Alghaiaty2

1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Elmansoura University, Elmansoura, Egypt; 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt

Background: Sanjad–Sakati syndrome (SSS), also known as hypoparathyroidism–mental retardation–dysmorphism syndrome, or HRD, is a rare disorder characterized by growth and developmental delay, and by mental retardation and dysmorphic features.
Objective: The objective of this study was to clarify the clinical and neurological features of SSS.
Patients: Twenty-four patients were included in the study. They were seen at two hospitals in Kuwait.
Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with SSS who attended the pediatric endocrinology, genetic, and neurology clinics in the Aladan and Alfarawanya hospitals in Kuwait from September 2007 to September 2012. Clinical and radiological data were obtained from each patient's medical records.
Results: All 24 patients had the characteristic dysmorphic features and laboratory findings of SSS. Consanguinity was reported in 75% of parents. Neurological manifestations in the form of microcephaly, developmental delay, mental retardation, and seizures were reported in all patients. Computerized tomography scans and/or magnetic resonance imaging showed evidence of intracranial calcifications in 29.2% of patients. Two patients showed a thin corpus callosum, and one patient showed intraventricular hemorrhaging.
Conclusion: Patients with SSS display a variety of dysmorphic features and neurological manifestations, including microcephaly, mental retardation, intracranial calcification, and epilepsy.

Keywords: Sanjad–Sakati syndrome, microcephaly, neurological manifestations, children, mental retardation

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