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Intravitreal bevacizumab injection and carotid artery stent replacement for neovascular glaucoma in internal carotid artery occlusion

Authors Aya Kodama, Koji Sugioka, Kazuki Kuniyoshi, et al

Published Date October 2010 Volume 2010:4 Pages 1177—1180

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S13899

Published 11 October 2010

Aya Kodama, Koji Sugioka, Kazuki Kuniyoshi, Sachiko Okuyama, Chota Matsumoto, Yoshikazu Shimomura

Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama City, Osaka, Japan

Abstract: Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) secondary to internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion is usually resistant to treatment. We report a case of NVG with ICA occlusion improved by intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection and carotid artery stent replacement (CAS), even though we did not perform panretinal photocoagulation. A 67-year-old male with NVG noted visual loss in his left eye. Magnetic resonance angiography showed left ICA occlusion. He was diagnosed with NVG secondary to ICA occlusion. The next day, we carried out IVB injection in his left eye, following which the iris and angle neovascularization regressed, and the intraocular pressure decreased to normal within a day after the injection. CAS was performed on his left ICA at a month post injection. Two months later, we reinjected bevacizumab in his left eye. His condition remained stable with no recurrence over two years. This case indicates that IVB injection and CAS are useful for early-stage NVG secondary to ICA occlusion.

Keywords: bevacizumab, neovascular glaucoma, internal carotid artery occlusion, carotid artery stent replacement, vascular endothelial growth factor

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